Welcome, Guest. Please login or register.
March 28, 2023, 04:42:11 AM

Login with username, password and session length

Recent Topics

[March 27, 2023, 11:11:48 PM]

[March 27, 2023, 09:39:13 PM]

[March 27, 2023, 05:55:14 PM]

[March 27, 2023, 05:22:07 PM]

[March 27, 2023, 04:15:50 PM]

by srm
[March 27, 2023, 03:34:28 PM]

[March 27, 2023, 02:32:27 PM]

[March 27, 2023, 02:08:07 PM]

[March 27, 2023, 12:52:39 PM]

by batt
[March 27, 2023, 11:15:25 AM]

[March 26, 2023, 08:25:45 PM]

[March 26, 2023, 07:53:59 PM]

[March 26, 2023, 07:50:38 PM]

[March 26, 2023, 02:46:36 PM]

[March 26, 2023, 02:44:55 PM]

[March 26, 2023, 11:20:32 AM]

[March 26, 2023, 10:27:35 AM]

[March 26, 2023, 07:18:09 AM]

[March 26, 2023, 05:57:50 AM]

[March 25, 2023, 10:55:50 PM]

[March 25, 2023, 11:06:51 AM]

[March 25, 2023, 11:04:02 AM]

[March 25, 2023, 07:57:02 AM]

Support NCKA

Support the site by making a donation.

Show Posts

This section allows you to view all posts made by this member. Note that you can only see posts made in areas you currently have access to.

Topics - Hojoman

Pages: [1] 2 3 ... 209
CA Regulations / Tax Time
« on: March 24, 2023, 09:01:58 AM »
March 23, 2023

Question: Does CDFW offer any tax-deductible donation options that help conserve wildlife?

Answer: Yes, thank you for wanting to help native and endangered plants, animals and fish! California taxpayers have the option to help one or all three of California Department of Fish and Wildlife’s (CDFW) tax check-off funds ( https://wildlife.ca.gov/Tax-Donation ) when filing their state income tax return:

1.  The Rare and Endangered Species Preservation Voluntary Tax Contribution Program (Line 403 on Tax Form 540) supports conservation actions that help protect hundreds of rare, threatened and endangered plants and animals within our state.

2.  The California Sea Otter Voluntary Tax Contribution Fund (Line 410 on Tax Form 540) supports CDFW scientists investigating causes of sea otter mortality and reasons why the species is not thriving in California. A portion of the funding goes to State Coastal Conservancy projects which help protect California’s sea otter population.

3.  The Native California Wildlife Rehabilitation Voluntary Tax Contribution Fund (Line 439 on Tax Form 540) helps sick, injured and orphaned wildlife by supporting permitted wildlife rehabilitation facilities through a new CDFW grants program.

Everything you need to know to complete your donation can be found on CDFW’s Voluntary Tax Contribution Funds webpage ( https://wildlife.ca.gov/Tax-Donation ). We truly appreciate your positive impact on key issues affecting California’s native species!

CA Regulations / Rockfish Identification
« on: March 24, 2023, 09:01:40 AM »
March 23, 2023

Question: How do I know if I’ve caught a copper, quillback or vermilion rockfish?

Answer: This is an important question because new regulations to help protect depleted stocks of copper and quillback rockfishes go into effect this year. In addition to the new season and depth regulations, CDFW reminds anglers that there is still a one-fish sub-bag limit for both copper rockfish and quillback rockfish, and a four-fish sub-bag limit for vermilion rockfish.

While it can be challenging to identify rockfish, anglers are responsible for properly identifying the species they catch. CDFW has developed numerous fish identification resources for anglers ( https://wildlife.ca.gov/Fishing/Ocean/Fish-ID ) including flyers to help distinguish copper, quillback and vermilion rockfishes from similar looking species:

Copper rockfish, canary rockfish and gopher rockfish identification ( https://nrm.dfg.ca.gov/FileHandler.ashx?DocumentID=197164&inline )

Quillback rockfish, China rockfish and black-and-yellow rockfish identification ( https://nrm.dfg.ca.gov/FileHandler.ashx?DocumentID=197176&inline )

Vermilion rockfish, canary rockfish and yelloweye rockfish identification ( https://nrm.dfg.ca.gov/FileHandler.ashx?DocumentID=138378&inline )

The Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission’s RecFIN website ( https://www.recfin.org/resources/fish-id-printed-materials/ ) has additional fish identification materials. Visit CDFW’s Groundfish webpage ( https://wildlife.ca.gov/Fishing/Ocean/Regulations/Groundfish-Summary ) for more information including frequently asked questions ( https://nrm.dfg.ca.gov/FileHandler.ashx?DocumentID=199118&inline ).

CA Regulations / Albino Rattlesnakes
« on: March 24, 2023, 09:01:22 AM »
March 23, 2023

Question: I’m an out-of-state licensed reptile breeder and I have a potential customer in California who wants to legally acquire captive bred albino Western Diamondback rattlesnakes (Crotalus atrox). I read that they might be a restricted species. Would the customer need a permit to purchase the snakes?

Answer: No, a permit would not be necessary in this case. However, we appreciate you checking because the regulations are complicated. First, Crotalus atrox, while native to California, isn’t a restricted species. Currently, there are no native amphibians or reptiles that are a restricted species per California Code of Regulations (CCR), Title 14, sections 671(c)(3) and 671(c)(7). Note that the term "native" refers to all individuals from species and subspecies indigenous to California regardless of whether they are captive bred or from outside the state per CCR, Title 14, section 1.67.

Second, CCR, Title 14, section 40(a) states that importation of native California amphibians and reptiles is prohibited without permission from CDFW. That permission is afforded through various permits and licenses depending on the purpose of the importation, but the only one that currently applies to the pet trade is a Native Reptile Propagation Permit issued per CCR, Title 14, section 43. That section is limited to the three species of snakes that may be commercially bred: Lichanura orcutti, Lampropeltis californiae, and Pituophis catenifer (subsection 43(c)). Additionally, captively bred albino native reptiles are exempt from the requirement to possess a permit to purchase, breed, and sell (subsection 43(a)(7)), and they can be imported and exported without a permit from CDFW.

Third, note that albinos are defined as individual native reptiles lacking normal body pigment and having red or pink eyes. Therefore, if your albinos do not meet both specifications they would not be exempted from the importation prohibition in CCR, Title 14, section 40(a).

In summary, as long as your albino rattlesnakes meet the physical description in the regulations, they are exempt from the prohibition on importation and the requirement of the recipient to purchase a propagation permit. However, note that some local jurisdictions have ordinances against possession of venomous animals, so the customer should check to see if they live in one of those areas.

CA Regulations / Bald Eagle
« on: March 18, 2023, 08:34:57 AM »
March 9, 2023

Question: I read that a pair of bald eagles were nesting on a golf course in Alameda. Is this the first time that bald eagles have nested locally?

Answer: While it’s impossible for us to know for certain, it does appear that this is the first time a pair of bald eagles have nested in this area of Alameda County in at least 50 years. However, our database shows one bald eagle nest in 2012 near Lake Chabot in Alameda County which successfully fledged one young, and in 2022 there was a confirmed bald eagle nest near Lake Del Valle in Alameda County.

What’s significant about this pair of bald eagles is that the nest is in a highly urban area. Lake Chabot and Lake Del Valle are more typical eagle habitat.

Historically, bald eagles were widespread and abundant in California. But by the late 1960s and early 1970s, when the bald eagle was listed as an endangered species under both the federal and California endangered species acts, fewer than 30 nesting pairs remained in California – all in the northern third of the state. The decline was largely attributed to exposure to DDT, a pesticide used to control mosquitoes and other insects. It was later determined that the pesticide and its residues were poisoning bald eagles by causing egg shell thinning which resulted in failed nesting attempts.

Restrictions on the use of DDT, plus nest protections and other conservation actions, resulted in a remarkable recovery. The bald eagle was removed from the federal list of endangered species in 2007 after having met recovery goals. However, the bald eagle is listed as endangered under the California Endangered Species Act and designated as fully protected under California Fish and Game Code section 3511. It is also still federally protected under the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act.

“Part of what’s exciting about the Alameda pair is the indication that environmental conditions in the historically highly polluted San Francisco Bay have improved enough to potentially support a nesting pair of bald eagles,” said Dan Applebee, CDFW Conservation and Recovery Unit Supervisor.

For more information visit CDFW’s bald eagle webpage at https://wildlife.ca.gov/Conservation/Birds/Bald-Eagle.

CA Regulations / Calendar of Events
« on: March 18, 2023, 08:34:38 AM »
March 9, 2023

Question: Does CDFW publish a calendar of events?

Answer: Yes, CDFW publishes a monthly news release featuring events that occur on lands we manage, conservation-oriented community activities, and notable dates related to hunting, fishing and conservation. You can find these releases by visiting our online newsroom and searching “calendar” at https://wildlife.ca.gov/News#gsc.tab=0

CA Regulations / Resident Small Game
« on: March 18, 2023, 08:34:19 AM »
March 9, 2023

Question: Can I legally take a turkey with a bolt action .22 long rifle that uses Ruger 10-22 magazines? The factory magazine holds 10 rounds, and I would replace it with a single shot magazine.

Answer: No. Rifles are not a legal method of take for resident game birds. Authorized methods of take can be found in CDFW’s Waterfowl and Upland Game hunting regulation booklet (PDF)(opens in new tab), pages 27-28. The applicable regulation is California Code of Regulations, Title 14, section 311 which outlines methods authorized for taking resident small game.

CA Regulations / Hawaiian Throw Nets
« on: March 18, 2023, 08:34:01 AM »
March 9, 2023

Question: I’d like some clarification on Hawaiian type throw nets. The regulations state that dip nets of any size and baited hoop nets not greater than 36 inches may be used to take herring, Pacific staghorn sculpin, shiner surfperch, surf smelt, topsmelt, anchovies, shrimp and squid. Does this mean there are no size restrictions for Hawaiian throw nets because they are different from dipnets and baited hoop nets?

Answer: Yes, but only north of Point Conception, Santa Barbara County. California Code of Regulations, Title 14, section 28.80 does not impose any size restrictions on Hawaiian type throw nets when using them to take herring, Pacific staghorn sculpin, shiner surfperch, surf smelt, topsmelt, anchovies, shrimp and squid. However, it would not be legal to use throw nets south of Point Conception.

March 15, 2023

Anticipating good conditions for the survival of hatchery-produced Chinook salmon throughout the Sacramento River and tributaries, the California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW) will release both spring and fall-run Chinook during the historic rain and snowfall the state is experiencing. Several releases have already happened, and others are planned over the next few weeks to utilize good in-river habitat conditions for these young salmon.

On Feb. 23, with a series of late-winter storms building, CDFW staff released approximately 1.1 million fall-run Chinook salmon fry into the American River at the Nimbus Fish Hatchery in Sacramento County. These Chinook salmon are part of a pilot study testing new genetic based tagging techniques that if successful, will allow more flexibility in fish release strategies to take advantage of natural high flow events in the future.

It was the first release of fall-run Chinook into the American River in more than three years. Since the spring of 2020, drought conditions have forced trucking of Nimbus Fish Hatchery juvenile salmon to points within the San Francisco and San Pablo bays. These 1.1 million fish are in addition to the normal 4 million smolts released annually from Nimbus Hatchery for mitigation and are also in addition to the 500,000 in increased production scheduled for 2023 to help offset losses to in-river production caused by drought.

In the coming week, CDFW will release 250,000 fall-run Chinook salmon from the Feather River Hatchery. These fish are part of the 3.1 million fish that were raised above and beyond the hatchery mitigation requirement. They will be taken to the Sutter Bypass for release where they can directly enter rearing habitat resulting from rainfall the region experienced in early March. The expectation is these fish will be able to utilize this habitat to grow to smolt size before entering the Delta and heading toward the ocean. An additional 900,000 of these 3.1 million fish will be released in the Feather River in early April as pre-smolts when favorable conditions are expected to continue based on current snowpack and reservoir conditions. The remaining 2.9 million additional fish as well as the six million mitigation fall-run Chinook, will be trucked to the San Pablo and San Francisco Bays as smolts for release.     

This week will also be the start of the annual spring-run Chinook salmon releases in the Feather River from the hatchery. Over the course of the next few weeks approximately two million spring-run Chinook salmon will be released at several release locations along the Feather River. The favorable conditions in the Feather River and bypasses should provide good rearing habitat allowing these fish to grow and increase survival rates. 

“By putting these fish out into the river now, they are going to experience the natural environment of our rivers as natural-origin fish would and will be able to take advantage of the high flows we’re getting with these storms,” said Jay Rowan, who oversees CDFW’s Fisheries Branch.

CDFW expects survival rates for these Chinook salmon to be very high given the increased flows and expects to see the benefits of these early releases three years from now when the adults return to complete their lifecycle.

CA Regulations / Trading Sport-caught Fish
« on: February 24, 2023, 06:29:17 PM »
February 23, 2023

Question: If I catch bluefin tuna on a charter boat, can I trade it for fishing gear?

Answer: No. It is not legal to trade sport-caught fish for fishing gear. California Fish and Game Code (FGC) section 7121 ( https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codes_displaySection.xhtml?sectionNum=7121.&lawCode=FGC ) prohibits selling or purchasing sport-caught fish – and the definition of “sell” includes barter, exchange or trade (FGC, section 75 ( https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codes_displaySection.xhtml?sectionNum=75.&lawCode=FGC ).

CA Regulations / Urban Coyotes
« on: February 24, 2023, 06:28:58 PM »
February 23, 2023

Question: What’s the best way to haze urban coyotes?

Answer: Hazing is a process designed to scare animals away and instill in them a fear of humans, which is done for both public safety and the well-being of the animal. For the general public, here are a few hazing techniques that can work with coyotes: Making yourself look as big and scary as possible, waving your arms above your head, vocalizing aggressively toward the coyote while maintaining eye contact, stomping your feet and taking a few steps in the coyote’s direction (while maintaining a safe distance), throwing rocks or sticks toward the coyote, using a shaker can (a can filled with coins or some other small object that when shaken makes a loud noise), using a garbage bag by shaking it open so it makes noise, or using an airhorn or water gun.

For hazing to be effective, people need to continue to haze the coyote until it completely leaves the area. Many people will haze the coyote and then stop once the coyote takes a few steps away. However, it’s crucial to continue hazing until the coyote completely leaves the area.

More information about living with urban coyotes can be found on California Department of Fish and Wildlife’s (CDFW) Keep Me Wild web page ( https://wildlife.ca.gov/ ). Additionally, CDFW’s Wildlife Watch Program produced a document on coyote hazing techniques ( coyote hazing techniques.pdf ). People who are experiencing problems with urban coyotes are encouraged to submit a Wildlife Incident Report ( https://apps.wildlife.ca.gov/wir ). CDFW also helped produce this short video about living with coyotes (video) ( ).

CDFW’s goal is to help people and wildlife coexist, and that includes native predators like coyotes. Coyotes occupy an extremely important niche in our ecosystem. They help keep rodents under control and scavenge carrion (remains of dead animals), which helps keep neighborhoods clean.

Remember that hazing must always be done safely and from a distance. If there is an immediate danger to public safety, or if a coyote has bitten or scratched a human, get to a safe location and call 911.

CA Regulations / Crab Loop Traps
« on: February 24, 2023, 06:28:39 PM »
February 23, 2023

Question: Can two crab loop traps be used simultaneously on one fishing pole?

Answer: Yes. It is legal to have two crab loop traps used simultaneously on one fishing pole. However, if you’re on a public pier, no person shall use more than two rods and lines, two hand lines, or two nets, traps or other appliances used to take crabs, per California Code of Regulations (CCR), Title 14, section 28.65(b). Also see CCR, Title 14, section 29.80 which covers gear restrictions for recreational take of saltwater crustaceans. A hook is not a legal method of take for crabs. If you’re going to use crab loop traps, you’ll need to tie the trap onto the line instead of using a hook. Bottom line: While fishing for crabs from a public pier in ocean waters, you can either have two poles with one loop trap tied on each, or one pole with two loop traps.

CA Regulations / Releasing Wildlife
« on: February 16, 2023, 11:27:00 AM »
February 9, 2023

Question: Someone posted on Facebook that they were seeking a kingsnake to breed and release into the wild for rattlesnake control. Wouldn’t that be illegal? Should I report the post to CDFW?

Answer: Yes, this would be illegal. Written authorization from the California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW) is required to release animals into the wild. CDFW would not approve this release for two general reasons: (1) The risk of spreading pathogens and parasites and (2) The risk of introducing new genotypes into the environment which could impact the species or ecosystem.

California kingsnakes are ubiquitous and habitat generalists. If a property doesn’t already have California kingsnakes, then it’s probably not suitable habitat. It wouldn’t be a healthy environment for the snakes, and they probably wouldn’t persist for long.

You can report release of captive wildlife through CalTIP, which stands for Californians Turn in Poachers and Polluters. Reports can be submitted anonymously. We genuinely appreciate your help in protecting against those who illegally harm the state’s natural resources!

Kingsnake photo: Taken by CDFW Scientific Aid Raquel Elander while investigating snake fungal disease.

CA Regulations / Air Rifles
« on: February 16, 2023, 11:26:40 AM »
February 9, 2023

Question: Can I use a big-bore air rifle to hunt big game like wild pigs, deer and bears in California?

Answer: No, big-bore air rifles cannot be used for the take of big game species or migratory game birds. However, they can be used to take small game mammals and resident game birds.

The allowable “methods of take” for big game animals can be found in California Code of Regulations (CCR), Title 14, section 353 (opens in new tab). Air guns are not listed as an allowable method of take.

Note that air rifles are not considered “firearms” in California. Pre-charged pneumatics (PCP) big-bore air rifles use compressed air as a propellant to fire pellets.

CA Regulations / Wildlife Violator Compact
« on: February 16, 2023, 11:26:20 AM »
February 9, 2023

Question: What is the Interstate Wildlife Violator Compact?

Answer: The Interstate Wildlife Violator Compact (IWVC) is an agreement between 49 states which allows for the reciprocal recognition of hunting and fishing license suspensions. If your license privileges have been suspended by another state, the suspension may be recognized here in California. For example, if your sport fishing or hunting privileges have been suspended in Colorado for five years, your privileges may also be suspended for five years in California or any of the states participating in the IWVC. The purchase of licenses or tags during the term of the suspension is a violation of the law and may result in prosecution. Licenses or tags purchased prior to or during a suspension are not refundable. Information on member states can be found on the National Association of Conservation Law Enforcement Chiefs (opens in new tab) website.

Over the years, CDFW has received occasional calls from hunters or anglers wondering why they were not allowed to purchase a hunting or fishing license at a California vendor. A common reason is that they have an unpaid citation in another state for something as simple as fishing without a license. That failure to take care of the fishing without a license citation would put them in the IWVC, which would prohibit them from purchasing a fishing license in California or any of the other participating 46 states until it is handled per the direction of the out-of-state court.

CA Regulations / CDFW Seeks Input on Pacific Halibut Fisheries
« on: February 03, 2023, 12:13:20 PM »
February 3, 2023

California stakeholders who are interested in the Pacific halibut resource and fisheries are invited to participate in an online survey. The survey will help inform the California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW) about angler preferences for open fishing dates during the upcoming 2023 recreational season and offers an opportunity for input on development of the 2024 Catch Sharing Plan that is used to allocate quota to several West Coast fisheries. Results of the survey will be used to develop recommendations to the Pacific Fishery Management Council and National Marine Fisheries Service. The survey is available until February 12, 2023, and can be found online: https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/DDYWDGP 

The recreational Pacific halibut fishery takes place off northern California. In 2022, the fishery was open May 1 through Aug. 7, with a one fish daily bag limit. The fishery closed Aug. 7 due to projected attainment of the quota. The 2023 California recreational Pacific halibut quota will be 39,520 net pounds, approximately the same as all prior years since 2019.

For more information on the Pacific halibut fishery in California, visit CDFW’s Pacific Halibut webpage at https://wildlife.ca.gov/Conservation/Marine/Pacific-Halibut?utm_medium=email&utm_source=govdelivery.

Pages: [1] 2 3 ... 209